Wednesday, December 17, 2014

End of Semester Dates

Here are some important dates for the end of the semester:
1/9/15 - Last day for missing/late assignments
1/14/15 - Last day for assessment retakes.
1/15 & 16/15 - Semester exams, if you have a B or better you may opt out of the exam. Semester exams will be taken through your "moodle account". 

Friday, December 12, 2014

US History Week of 12/15/14

Monday- review for assessment/ intro to Election of 1912 Project.
Tuesday- Imperialism Assessment
Friday- Election of 1912 Project due.

Thursday, December 11, 2014

Physical Science Week of 12/15/14

Monday- Big Bang Video, pick-up HR Diagram packet
For class on Friday have done: lectures- "Life Cycle Sun, Red Shift, Black Holes, Milky Way"
"Build Your Own Star" activity due at the end of class on Friday.

Friday, December 5, 2014

US History Week of 12/8/14

For Wednesday - have lectures, "US Annexes Hawaii, Spanish-American War and Panama Canal" done for class.
For Thursday - Spanish American War and Panama Canal Questions.
Friday- Imperialism Assessment

Physical Science Week of 12/8/14

Monday- I will be at the KISD, work day
Tues/Thur- Ms. Boscarino
Wednesday- Big Bang Video/Review
Friday- Kepler's Law/Gravity Assessment, have "Life Cycle of Sun and Red Shift" lectures and Sunspot graphing activity done

Saturday, November 29, 2014

US History Week of 12/1/14

Monday- Presidential Assassination Readings
Friday-  for class have last 3 Imperialism lectures done, at end of class "British Empire" ArcGIS and TR Prezi turn in.

Friday, November 28, 2014

Physical Science Week of 12/1/14

Tuesday- "Big Bang" Video
Wednesday- Ms. B?
Wednesday- after school test/retest Wave/EM Assessment
For class on Friday- Kepler Law's packet, lectures through Kepler's Laws,"Gravity, Orbits" Activity

Sunday, November 16, 2014

US History Week of 11/17/14

Monday - review for assessment, packet Science and Urban Life
Tuesday- Immigration assessment
Wednesday - Friday - packet on the culture of this time period/start  US Imperialism Topic
                   Have first two lectures on Imperialism done for class Friday.

Physical Science Week of 11/14/14 & 11/24/14

Monday- review for assessment, Kepler's Law packet
Tuesday - Waves/EM Assessments
Wednesday- have notes for first three lectures done for class. 
Friday- have notes on lectures four and five done for class. Review Kepler's Law packet.

Week of 11/24/14- Ms. B will be speaking to class on Monday and Tuesday.
Space System Lectures

Sunday, November 9, 2014

US History Week of 11/10/14

Week of 11/10/14

Trans-Atlantic Packet due Tuesday
All lectures due Thursday.
This week's Immigration packet due Friday.
Ancestry Report Due Friday

Friday, November 7, 2014

Physical Science Week of 11/10/14

Week of 11/10/14
For class Wednesday have lectures "Snell's Law and Doppler Effect" and Light Packet done.
UAV Data report due Friday at end of class.
Light Assessments will be on Tuesday 11/18/14

Sunday, November 2, 2014

Physical Science Week of 11/3/14

For Thursday- have lectures done for class "Reflection of Light, Refraction of Light and Reflection and Absorption".

For Friday- Reflection/Absorption Post-Test, turn in Refraction of Light Sim and Reflection of Light Sim.

During the week work on Light Problems packet and UAV/ Light Activity  Data Report

US History Week of 11/3/14

Monday- create ArcGIS account, complete online tours and 5x5. Work on Immigration Packet

Thursday- for class have the lectures "Immigration at the Turn of the Century and Ellis Island" done for class.

Remainder of week work on gathering information about your ancestors.

Sunday, October 26, 2014

Physical Science Week of 10/27/14

Monday- work on packet, diameter of Sun (if sunny), bring a flashlight for class Tuesday.
Tuesday- Angle of Insolation Activity
Wednesday - ArcGIS 5x5, retest
Thursday- have these lectures done for class "Waves,Wave Speed, EM-Spectrum".
Friday- UAV data compillation

US History Week of 10/27/14

Monday- work on packet, in class reading
Tuesday- work on packet, PP review
Wednesday- packet review
Thursday- Oil Blog #3, test review
Friday- Industrialization Assessment

Saturday, October 18, 2014

US History Week of 10/20/14

US History

We will have an assignment on the Symbolism of the movie "Wizard of Oz". This may take 2-3 days.

We will also complete a packet of information relating to Industrialization, Rise of Unions and Workers.

Sunday, October 12, 2014

US History Week of 10/13/14

Have the lectures "Age of the Railroads" and "Workers of the Nation Unite" done for class on Wednesday.

Assignments: "Expansion of Industry" packet have done for class on Friday.

"Robber Barons" Prezi and Blog Post #2 "The Founders" are due end of class Friday.

Saturday, October 11, 2014

Physical Science Week of 10/13/14

No new assignments this week. Remember all objectives/assignments must be turned in by Thursday for Friday's Assessment.

Monday- Guidance Office presenting information on high school credits.
Tuesday- work/review day
Wednesday- Tracker presentation-if it is working. Retest for Velocity
Thursday- work/review day,
Friday- Newton's Laws, Gravity, KE, GPE, Momentum assessment

Monday, October 6, 2014

Lunar Eclipse

A rare 'selenelion' lunar eclipse will be visible from school Wednesday morning at about 7:30am.

Sunday, October 5, 2014

Rocketeer Graph

How to create a graph and insert the graph into your rocket presentation.

Lake Effect Clouds

These nimbostratus clouds are produced as cold air moves over the relatively warmer waters of Lake Michigan .

US History Week of 10/6/14

Week of 10/6/14

For Friday's class have lectures "Big Business Emerges and Expansion of American Industry" done.

Monday- Indian Wars/Populist Movement W/S

Tuesday- notebook check. review questions. Create US History blog

Wednesday- Western Expansion Assessment

Thursday- US History Blog Post

Friday- Buffalo Soldier due,  review Big Business Emerges lectures.

Saturday, October 4, 2014

Physical Science Week of 10/6/14

Another exciting week planned!

Monday- Pick-up "KE and GPE" packet, have your "meter stick speed video" uploaded to your school file. I am also sending you a rocket launch video to upload to your school file. Questions about assessment. Notebook check.

Tuesday- Tracker software activity

Wednesday- Speed, Acceleration, Vector, Scalar Summative Assessment. If you can do the problems in your Speed packet you are golden.

Thursday - Review "KE and Momentum" Lectures

Friday- KE and Momentum Activities.

Sunday, September 28, 2014

US History Week of 9/29/14

Week of 9/29/14

Have lectures "Clashes and Populist Party" done for class on Thursday.

Monday- "Buffalo Soldier" Assignment, Native American Cultures in Crises, Growth of the Cattle Drive

Physical Science Week of 9/29/14

Week of 9/29/14

Newton's Laws 1, 2 and 3 lectures done for class Thursday.
Pick-up Newton's Laws packet in class.
Monday- finish Speed packet, rocket project review
Tuesday-  outside air rocket launch & speed lab
Wednesday- Lunar Lander Activity
Thursday- Review Newton's Laws
Friday- work-day

Sunday, September 21, 2014

US History Week of 9/22/14

Week of 9/22/14

HW- Monday- Great Plains Indian lecture
HW- Tuesday- Western Migration lecture

Monday/Tuesday- Transcontinental Railroad Questions
Wednesday- discuss lectures
Thursday/Friday- Document Analysis,

Physical Science Week of 9/22/14

Week of 9/22/14

Watch and take notes on “Speed” and “Acceleration” lectures. These lectures are in the “Newtonian Forces and Energy” Unit. Work on classroom packet as time permits.

Monday- rocket build
Tuesday-rocket build
Wednesday- retest, launch logistics
Thursday- rocket launches

Friday- review rocket data, lectures, classroom W/S

Sunday, September 14, 2014

US History Week of 9/15/14

All activities from last week and this week must be turned in by Friday. Triangle Trade Prezi, Revolutionary War Timeline, Civil War Google Tour and completed notebook.
There will be NO summative assessment for this unit.

Physical Science Week of 9/15/14

This week we will finish the density activities, metric handout, and prepare for the first summative assessment on Friday. The assessment will be 60 pts. Be sure to check your shared documents and moodle for the assessment review.

Sunday, September 7, 2014

Physical Science Week of 9/8/14

Monday- Metric Review W/S
                Scientific Method lecture in class
                 HW- Metric Length

Tues-  GVSU study
            HW- Metric Mass

Wednesday- Density Simulation
                     HW- Metric Volume

Thursday- Classroom Density Activity

Friday- Density problems

US History Week of 9/8/14

Monday- JayWalking, History as Perspective Lecture in Class
                HW Five Themes of Geography

Tuesday- Early Colonies W/S
                HW-Early Settlements

Wednesday-  Triangular Trade Prezi
               HW-French and Indian War

Thursday-  HW-Causes of the American Revolution, 9/11 Rememberance

Friday- American Revolution Time Line

Friday, May 23, 2014

US History Last 2 Weeks of School

Week of 5/26/14 
Lectures- Woodstock, Kennedy

and the Cold War, Watergate

Monday-no school
Wednesday-classroom, review for ESE2
Thursday- Flex Lab, I will be setting-up for te State Track Meet
Friday-classroom, review for ESE2

I will be in the classroom after school Tuesday & Wednesday after school.
ESE2 Review is in Topic 16
1960’s material will be on the Semester Exam

Week of 6/2/14
Monday- media Center Flex Lab
Tuesday- D-109, last day for work/assessments 3:00pm deadline, review for ESE2
Wednesday- classroom, review for ESE2
Thursday- Exams B-112, hours 4,5,6
Friday- Exams B-112 hours 1,2,3

Physical Science Last 2 Weeks of School

Week of 5/26/14

Monday-no school
Wednesday-classroom, review for ESE2
Thursday- Flex Lab, I will be setting-up for State Track Meet
Friday-classroom, review for ESE2

I will be in the classroom after school Tuesday & Wednesday after school.
ESE2 Review is in Topic 15
Hydrology material will be on the Semester Exam

Week of 6/2/14

Monday- media Center Flex Lab
Tuesday- D-109, last day for work/assessments 3:00pm deadline, review for ESE2
Wednesday- classroom, review for ESE2
Thursday- Exams B-112, hours 4,5,6
Friday- Exams B-112 hours 1,2,3

Sunday, May 18, 2014

Physical Science Week of 5/19/14

CR- Ocean Current Packet
Activity- Stream Characteristics- probably do this on Monday, activity is located in Moodle Topic 12, when done submit on Moodle
Work on Hydrology Project

Monday 5/19/14 we are in the Media Center Flex Lab

June 3rd @ 3:00pm last day for any work.

If you have any missing assessments they will revert to ‘0’ very shortly.

US History Week of 5/19/14

Lectures- The Radical Civil Rights Movement, Counter-Cultural Revolution, Women’s Liberation Movement ( no quiz, this PP located beneath ‘Objectives’)

Activity- Create a google Presentation detailing 4 highlights from the 3 lecture topics this week. Your presentation will consist of 14 slides, Slide 1-introduction, slides 2-13-lecture topics, slide 14- how did this social changes change American society. Submit your assignment on Moodle.

Friday, May 16, 2014

Missing Assessments.

Reminder- all missing assessments must be completed by June 3 at 3:00pm. Those not completed will revert to "0".

Sunday, May 11, 2014

US History Week of 5/12/14

Lectures- Civil Rights Movement, Civil Rights Movement in Education

Activities - Lectures- Civil Rights Movement, Civil Rights Movement in Education

Activities - Birmingham 1963, see Moodle. #2 create a timeline of the important moments in the desegregation of schools. Use Prezi or google Presenter-paste your URL into the google form.

Monday and Tuesday we are in B-112 for MAP Testing

Birmingham 1963, see Moodle, create a timeline of the important moments in the desegregation of schools. Use Prezi or google Presenter-paste your URL into the google form.

Monday and Tuesday we are in B-112 for MAP Testing

Physical Science Week of 5/12/14

Lectures- Seafloor Features (you may have done this already), Tides, Ocean Stuff

CR- Composition of Seawater Packet

Activities- Wednesday Tracker w/Mr.Staublin

Monday- we will review Hydrology Project
Friday- MAP Testing Media Center
GVSU testing next few days

Tuesday June 3 all things due by 3:00pm

Sunday, May 4, 2014

US History Week of 5/5/14

1950’s Quiz Tuesday- in room B112

CR- Vietnam a Historical Journey & Vietnam Timeline - you will work on this during the week.
The timeline is to be completed using “Prezi”. All answers to the Historical Journey will be due Friday. Submit your document in Moodle.

For your Prezi you will insert your link into the google form I will share with you.

Saturday, May 3, 2014

Physical Science Week of 5/5/15

Hydrology Assignments are in Topic 11 on Moodle
Hydrology Project related materials in Topic 12 on Moodle

Lectures- Water, Water
CR- Seafloor Chemistry
Activities- Virtual River, this is in Topic 12

Tuesday we will be in B112
Wednesday- review for field trip and review for assessment.
Thursday- Field Trip
Friday- Historical Geology Assessment.

Permission slips/money/equipment in by Tuesday.

Sunday, April 27, 2014

US History Week of 4/28/14

Lectures- Origins Vietnam Conflict, Vietnam Conflict, End of the Conflict

CR- Cartoon Analysis, Photo Analysis (directions in email/moodle)

Activities - Oil Blog #19&20, Website "Tet Offensive" (diections in email/Moodle)

1950's Quiz Friday.

Thursday, April 24, 2014

Physical Science Week of 4/28/14

Lectures- Basin and Domes, this is a PP, below the Sophia Lectures-no quiz, show me your notes.

CR- Hotspots, Regents, p.356 Textbook

Activities- Virtual Earthquake-link on Moodle

In your blog create a new post describe the 3 types of unconformities, also show a picture of each.

Sunday, April 20, 2014

US History Week of 4/21/14

Lectures - Changes of 1950's, Popular Culture 1950's- no quiz, these are PP below the Sophia lectures

CR- Automobile Culture

Activities- Oil Blog Readings 15-18, Create a new page on your website- describe three autos or music or film stars of the 1950's. How did these people/items influence Americans in the 1950's.

Blogs and Websites


Some things we have discussed several times in class:
  • Assignments on your blog - you add a POST to your blog, do NOT create a new blog for each assignment
  • Assignments on your website - you add a PAGE to your website, do NOT create a new blog for each assignment.
  • I have a spreadsheet with all your original links for your blogs and websites- this is what I check-
  • This week please check with me to make sure your links are correct-
  • Any assignment submitted in Moodle you do NOT share with me.
  • Only email me if assignments are LATE, then I can go back and grade them

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Physical Science Week of 4/21/14

Lectures- Historical Geology, Principles of Stratigraphy, Sandstone Layers, Transgressions/Regressions
CR- Half-Life Peas, Relative Age Dating, Volcanoes
Activities- Dino Dig and Radioactive Dating Game- submit on Moodle

Review blosg and websites

Friday, April 11, 2014

High Pressure

What a high pressure system looks like over the Gulf of Mexico.

US History Week of 4/14/14

Unit 12 The 1950's

Lectures- Cold War, Cold War Heats Up, Korean War- no quiz, this PP located below Sophia lectures.

Concept Reinforcement- Korean War, Map Analysis

Activities- Nuclear Weapons Google Tour

Thursday, April 10, 2014

Physical Science Week of 4/14/14

Unit 9
Lectures- Volcanoes, Mountain Building, Rabbit Mountain

Concept Reinforcement- 3 packets on Earthquakes

  • Science Blog - Moment Magnitude Chart- import picture, explain what it is.
  • Boxing Day Tsunami- see Moodle, will also share document.
  • Hydrology Website- create new page, describe the difference between a stream, river and lake, be sure to include a picture of each.

Sunday, March 30, 2014

US History Week of 3/31/14

Oil Blog Readings#15&#16

History Website- create a new page titled "Enola Gay". On this page include pictures of the plane and crew and a 1 paragraph description of the the impact they had on WW2.

Atomic Bomb Essay -

  •  instructions/rubric will be emailed and handed out in class.
  • this will be a done in 'google docs'
  • in paragraph 1 thesis must be underlined.
  • in paragraphs 2-4 your 2 pieces of evidence must be underlined.
  • your name needs to be in title of essay ex. "Atomic Bomb Essay by Steven Virkstis"
To submit "share" document with me. Allow me to edit.
I will do my best to get us computer time for the Mon-Thur.

Physical Science Week of 3/31/14

Submit Volcano Project by Thursday- see previous post/email.
Plate retest on Wednesday.
PLAN testing Monday/Tuesday
No school Friday-start of Spring Break

Thursday, March 27, 2014

Volcano Project Submission

Submission Info for the project:
  • The following documents will be shared with me- 1) Ring of Fire Data Collection Report, 2) The Script from your video, 3) Note cards-please put your note cards into a document, 4) Conclusion Questions
  • When sharing make sure you allow me to edit
  • Make sure in each document all team members names are in the title.
  • Video- if you can download to Youtube-send me the link, if you are using a video editor that can save it online-send me the link, if all else fails save on a flash drive.
  • Make sure you review the scoring rubric in the evaluation section of the activity.
  • The 20 points on the rubric will be doubled  so the project will be a 40 point assessment grade.
  • Since this is an assessment it will be graded as an assessment.
If you have questions ask

Saturday, March 22, 2014

US History Week of 3/24/14

Lectures- War in the Pacific, Allies Liberate Europe- have these done by Wednesday

Activities- Oil Blog #13&14

Thursday- meet in room B-112

Friday- MSE 2 meet in room B-112

Exam Information

MSE 2 Information for Physical Science and US History

  • Your MSE 2 will not factor into your grade until you take the ESE 2.
  • If your ESE 2 score is greater than your MSE 2 both Exams will reflect your ESE 2 score.
  • If your ESE 2 score is less than your MSE 2 an average will be taken and both exams will reflect the average score.

Physical Science Next 2 Weeks

Week of 3/24/14

Monday-Review for Assessment/Exams/Volcano Project/Missing work
Tuesday- Plate Tectonics Assessment
Wednesday- Review for/Exams/Volcano Project/Missing work
Thursday- MSE 2 Hours 1-3, All hours will meet in B-112
Friday- MSE 2 Hours 4-6, All hours will meet in B-112

Week of 3/31/14

Monday- PLAN Test / work on Volcano Project/Missing Work
Tuesday-PLAN Test / work on Volcano Project/Missing Work
Wednesday-Work on Volcano Project/Missing Work
Thursday- Volcano Project Due

Friday- start of Spring Break

Tuesday, March 18, 2014

Important Dates

  • Plate Tectonics Assessment will be on 3/25/14
  • Volcano project is due 4/3/14 This project was assigned 3/3/14  
  • This gave you 4 weeks to work on it.

Sunday, March 16, 2014

US History Week of 3/17/14

Lectures- D-Day, War on the Home Front

Concept Reinforcement- Saving Private Ryan, German D-Day Point of View, D-Day Diary

Activity- D-Day Beach Webpage.

Physical Science Week of 3/17/14

Lectures- Mantle Convection, Wilson Cycle (below Sophia, no quiz)

Concept Reinforcement - Magnetic Reversals, Volcanoes

Activities - Japan Earthquake Activity

Concepts and Activity copies will be mailed to you.

Sunday, March 9, 2014

US History Week of 3/10/14

Lectures- Homefront, Early War in Europe and North Africa, Early War in the Pacific

Concept Reinforcement - Axis Maps, Battles of WW2, Blitz,

Activities- Blog #11 and #12,  John Wayne WW2 movies 

Saturday, March 8, 2014

Physical Science Week of 3/10/14

  • Lectures - Converging Plates and Diverging Plates- this lecture is located below the Sophia lectures, there is no quiz-will check notes in class.
  • Concept Reinforcement - 2 packets reinforcing plate boundaries. 'Model of Plate Boundaries' and 'Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries'
  • Activity -The Red Sea Activity- link will be sent to you.
  • Blog Post #3- Seismograph- insert a picture define seismograph, seismogram, seismologist. 
Retest Rock and Minerals on Tuesday.

Tuesday, March 4, 2014

The Water Cycle Song

The Water Cycle Song

Thanks to Kailen Kiander for this video, enjoy!

Sunday, March 2, 2014

US History Week of 3/3/14

Lectures - Invasion of Poland and bombing of Pearl Harbor

Concept Reinforcement - Manchuria and Pearl Harbor, submit your google doc responses on Moodle.

Activity- Oil Blog #9 and #10, Create a new page in your website and answer the following question:
"Does Russia's invasion of the Ukraine have any similarities with Germany's invasion of Poland in WW2?"     Include a map of the area, a picture of Russian troops in the Ukraine and a 200 word response to the question.

This assignment will be done on a google site.

Saturday, March 1, 2014

Physical Science Week of 3/3/14

Lectures - Lithosphere, Topic 8

Concept Reinforcement - Tectonic Map, Lithospheric Plates, Continental Drift

Activity - Google Earth Plate Tectonics

Wednesday- Rock and Mineral Assessment

Web Quest Volcanoes  Be sure to read this link.

Thursday, February 27, 2014

Snow Day

Cold cA sliding over the North Pole from Siberia!
Today would be a great day to catch-up on any missing assignments:)

Science and History never take a day off and neither should you!

Sunday, February 23, 2014

Monument Men

Check out this link about a Grand Rapids man in WW2.

US History Objectives Week of 2/24/14

Objectives Week of 2/24/14

Lectures- Holocaust, Yad Vashem Auschwitz (located below Sophia Lectures)

Concept Reinforcement- Pre-WW2 US-Sino Relations

Activities- Oil Blog Readings #7 and #8, Pre -WW2 US Sino Relations

Physical Science Objectives Week of 2/24/14

Lectures- watch Interactive Rock Cycle take notes, no quiz, this is below Sophia lectures.

Concept Reinforcement - Rock Cycle and Minerals

Activities- Website and Blog- see topic 12 in Moodle, do activity #2 in the files.

Tuesday-no school
Wednesday- Rock and Mineral ID
Friday - Rock and Mineral Assessment

Saturday, February 22, 2014

Rock Stuff

Sedimentary Rocks:

  • form from the weathering and erosion of previous rocks
  • the process is- weathering, erosion, deposition, compaction, cementation
  • clastic rocks form from fragments of material ex; conglomerate and sandstone
  • chemical rocks form from the precipitation of minerals from water (oceans) ex; rock salt and rock gypsum
  • fossils are found in sedimentary rocks, the other rock processes would destroy the fossils. Interesting fact, even ripple marks from streams or beaches can be fossilized.
Metamorphic Rocks:
  • these rocks form from extreme heat and pressure placed upon pre-existing rocks.
  • heat is the primary agent for contact metamorphism, this heat is supplied by nearby magma.
  • during metamorphism minerals may recrystallize, crystals can grow larger and the rock will become more compact.
  • running water is NOT an agent of metamorphism.

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Test/retest Reschedule

Review will be Thursday, test on Friday,  6th hour testers come in during seminar on Friday

Sunday, February 16, 2014

US History Week of 2/17/14

Lectures - Rise of Hitler

Reinforcement - Rise of Dictators, Hitler notes

Activities- Route 66 due Friday, Blog posts 5 & 6

Saturday, February 15, 2014

Physical Science Week of 2/17/14

Rock and Mineral Prezi due 2/19/14
Meteorology Retest/Test 2/20/14

Lectures- Mineral Properties, Mineral Formation, Rocks

Concept Reinforcement- Volcanic Rocks, Rock Composition Packet

  1. Create Hydrology website using google Apps, insert Hydrology/Water cycle on homepage and give a brief description,
  2. Create a Science blog using google Apps, in your first post insert a picture of the Rock Cycle and give a brief description.

Thursday, February 13, 2014

US History

Map of Alaska circa 1915

Meteorology Retest

The meteorology retest will be Wednesday 2/19/14. We will review in class on Tuesday and after school on Tuesday. If you have a mobile device please bring it Tuesday. Those not retesting can work on any of the objectives for the week.
I will open the first test Saturday for review. The retest will be over the same topics but it will not be the same test.

Sunday, February 9, 2014

Week of 2/10/14 Physical Science

Lectures- Mineral Characteristics and Ternary Graphs

Class Reinforcement- Silicon Chemistry

Activities- Mineral and Rock Prezi

Wednesday is the Meteorology Assessment we will meet in B112

US History Week of 2/10/14

Lectures- none
Concept Reinforcement- 1920’s Vocab, Great Depression Crossword
Computer Activities- Roaring 20’s Website due Friday
1920’s Quiz Friday

Stock Market Simulation is graded- I have put the scores in the gradebook but have not included them in your overall grade. The gradebook will be updated Wednesday. Any corrections, etc should be done by end of class on Wednesday.

If you want to get an early start on “Get Your Kicks on Route 66” see your moodle page- Topic 9